NEOCLASSICAL PHYSICS AND QUANTUM GRAVITY *Imagine that nature is emergent from pairs of Planck scale fundamental particles, the electrino and the positrino, which are equal yet oppositely charged. These are the only carriers of energy, in electromagnetic and kinetic form. Now add in an infinite 3D Euclidean space (non curvy) and Maxwell’s equations. 𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚 explores this recipe for nature and how it emerges as a narrative that is compatible with GR and QM, yet far superior in ability to explain the universe and resolve open problems. For *𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚* basics see: Idealized Neoclassical Model and the NPQG Glossary.*

Imagine that spacetime is a superfluid of low temperature particles (low energy photons, neutrinos, gravitons, and/or axions). The wave function of the dipoles comprising the neutral shells of neighboring particles would interact with an ebb and flow of continuous energy, not a discrete transfer of energy. The outstanding energy from each particle of matter-energy would be the root mean square of the electromagnetic energy interaction with all neighbor wave functions. This would serve to heat or energize the nearby particles. The temperature of spacetime gas relates to gravity. Gravity is the force of convection on matter from the gradient of spacetime superfluid temperature.

All ‘presenting’ matter-energy particles are pulsing energy into the superfluid gas, and those waves travel at the local speed of light **c** and decrease in magnitude with the square of the distance. Every particle pushes energy, they receive energy back. It is an alternating energy flux. This is related, but distinct from a gravitational wave tsunami as a result of a high energy collision (BH-BH, BH-NS, NS-NS) where the superfluid gas particles experience changes in size and displacement. Some particles in the universe don’t participate in this dance. Those are particles on the interior of a Planck core inside supermassive black holes (SMBH). Particles interior to a Planck core can not present their energy (mass) because they are at maximum energy and their neighbors are too.

Let’s use to show gravitational interaction of two particles where M1 is the pass of particle 1 and M2 is the mass of particle 2, and this can easily be extended to collections or bodies of matter up to a fairly large size. Neutron stars (NS) and black holes (BH) will be considered separately. Particle 1 pulses energy to the superfluid spacetime gas. That energy spreads out at local . Why ? We are dealing with a spherical wave, so surface area is where the energy gets spread. What is the surface area of a sphere? It is . So that is where some of these numbers in the physics equations arise naturally. You’ll notice I said local **c**. **c** is not a constant. **c** depends on local permittivity and permeability of the spacetime gas which depend on energy – aka temperature – of the superfluid gas neighborhood. Then particle 1 receives an energy pulse back from the superfluid gas. So that is a sine wave. No net energy was transferred. However, particle 1 averages root mean square energy outstanding over that wave cycle. The RMS energy outstanding . Local c. So particle 1 averages E1 outstanding.

Meanwhile particle 2 is doing the same thing, and has mass M2 which is given by RMS Energy E2 outstanding.

Now imagine graphing the temperature of spacetime around and between these particles. Each particle would experience a higher spacetime energy in the direction towards the other particle. It turns out that particles experience a convective force towards higher energy spacetime and the steeper that gradient, the higher the convective force of gravity.

**The Gradient Temperature of Spacetime**

Space time is implemented by a superfluid gas which we can imagine as low energy photons, neutrinos, gravitons, and axion like particles. In low gravity free space the superfluid gas of spacetime has a 2.7 degree Kelvin black body temperature curve that matches what science currently interprets as the cosmic microwave background.

Every isolated celestial body has a spacetime temperature manifold describing spacetime energy in its local neighborhood. For orbs like common stars or smaller the manifold has at a rounded flat peak at the center of the orb because this is the point of maximum energy received from the pulsing matter-energy particles that comprise the orb. Moving radially away from the center of the orb the temperature begins falling and eventually levels off close to 2.7K the farther you get from the orb into free space. The steepness of this spacetime gas temperature curve is proportional to the strength of gravity. At the center of the orb, the differential in spacetime temperature is low and if there was an imaginary hollow space on the center of the core, it would have very low gravity somewhat like free space. With a model of the orbs layers and their composition and temperature, one could scientifically determine the spacetime gas temperature as a function of radius from the center.

The steepness, slope, or more correctly gradient, of spacetime temperature determines the strength of gravity. Pop science makes black holes seem mysterious because ‘nothing can escape the event horizon, not even light’ but it’s really saying that the gradient of spacetime temperature is so high that no particle can achieve the energy required to escape. That still might not be obvious, but it is not as mysterious.

*J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : February 12, 2020 : v1*