
Mapping the Friedmann Equations
The Friedmann equations are a set of equations in physical cosmology that govern the expansion of space in homogeneous and isotropic models of the universe within the context of general relativity. They were first derived by Alexander Friedmann in 1922 from Einstein’s field equations of gravitation for the Friedmann–Lemaître–Robertson–Walker metric and a perfect fluid with…

Depicting Assemblies and Reactions as Paths
Imagine how much fun it would be to diagram the network of processes in a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) using point charge theory. Visualize tracing the provenance and path of every point charge involved in the main process sequence. Trace the PE and KE as it flows. RTG’s are advanced technology by current standards. Yet,…

Quark Epoch : Emerging/Surviving Quarks Couple Vortices
Let’s remap the Big Bang cosmology timeline to the point charge universe! This series has already covered higher energy epochs listed below. Big Bang Cosmology NPQG Cosmology The Quark epoch was the period in the evolution of the early universe when the fundamental interactions of gravitation, electromagnetism, the strong interaction and the weak interaction had…

ElectroWeak Epoch : Personality Charges Bond to Noether Cores
Let’s remap the Big Bang cosmology timeline to the point charge universe! This series has already covered higher energy epochs listed below. Big Bang Cosmology NPQG Cosmology The electroweak epoch was the period in the evolution of the early universe when the temperature of the universe had fallen enough that the strong force separated from…

Inflationary Epoch : Noether Cores Form
Let’s remap the Big Bang cosmology timeline to the point charge universe! The inflation phase of the timeline is shown in the figure. Inflation follows the Planck epoch and occurs in parallel with the Grand Unification epoch. Big Bang Cosmology NPQG Cosmology Cosmic inflation expands space by a factor of the order of 1026 over…

Grand Unification Epoch : Dipoles Dominate
Let’s remap the Big Bang cosmology timeline to the point charge universe! In the first post of the chronology of the universe we covered the transformation of the Planck epoch from Big Bang cosmology to point charge cosmology : Planck Epoch : Peak Density of Energetic Point Charges. In terms of forces, gravity had emerged and…

Planck Epoch : Peak Density of Energetic Point Charges
Let’s remap the Big Bang cosmology timeline to the point charge universe! We’ll start with the Planck epoch which is labeled “quantum gravity wall” in the first figure. Additional figures show relevant information and concepts. After that, we’ll delve into remapping the Big Bang timeline to the more sensible and parsimonious point charge universe. The…

NPQG Social Media Journey
This is a collection of blog posts documenting my journey on social media, both consuming science outreach and attempting to engage via various forums. My Social Media Outreach Favourites Dr. Lawrence Krauss Dr. Kirsten Hacker Kirsten has a Ph.D. in physics and worked in the particle physics field for two decades. She creates fiction novels…

Maya Benowitz : On the Origins of the Universe and the Nature of the Cosmological Singularity
Maya Benowitz tweeted about an ambitious new open source program titled, “On the Origins of the Universe and the Nature of the Cosmological Singularity.” That title caught my eye as well as the open source project, because NPQG is also open source. So, I went to github and joined the project and made a few…

Do Black Holes Emit Spacetime Aether?
I asked ChatGPT about research on superfluid models of spacetime, specifically regarding where superfluid comes from in those models. ChatGPT gracefully dodged the question, but in doing so, provided context for a new speculative idea that occurred to me. This idea is counterintuitive at first, yet has the characteristics of “hiding in plain sight” such…

The Equation of Nature and the Universe
The image below shows the evolution equation of nature and the universe. This is it! Everything emerges from this equation and a density of energetic unit potential point charges in Euclidean time and space. Let’s go through the equation step by step. The evolution equation of the universe leads to emergence of assemblies that implement…

Barry Barish
In 2019ish I attended a Barry Barish talk about LIGO at UC Riverside. Afterwards, I approached to ask a question. Barry had an aide with him and you could tell they both stiffened up at the thought I might have an original idea and try to engage. In fact, right in front of me, the…

Mapping Gluons
Let’s brainstorm the mapping of quantum chromodynamic’s gluon to the vortices of two coupled dipoles and possibly include their personality charges. As a refresh, all standard matter assemblies have a nested tridipole Noether core. That includes spacetime aether assemblies in a Higgs formation. So there is no shortage of dipoles to couple with if the…

Do Nested Dipoles Synchronize?
I wonder if the three dipoles in a generation I Noether energy core will tend to reach a resonant set of frequencies based on the nesting. What defines those resonances? How can this be described mathematically? I’ve seen a number of videos pop up lately about autoresonance. That makes a lot of sense. I’ll watch…

Mapping “Spinning Gluons in the Proton”
I thought it might be fun to try to map this article to NPQG. Spinning Gluons in the ProtonAuthor Stephen D. Bass Mapping to NPQG Computer simulations indicate that about 50% of the proton’s spin comes from the spin of the gluons that bind its quark constituents. In point charge theory “spin 1/2” is related…

Spacetime vs. Space and Time
We exist, think, and observe in the midst of Einstein’s curvy stretchy geometry of spacetime, which is described by an abstract geometry and is physically implemented by an aether of point charge assemblies. The spacetime aether is the sea through which both photons and gravity travel. The aether permeates everything. However, the ontological foundation for…