April 18, 2021

A few thoughts on gravitoelectromagnetism.

Gravity Probe B Confirms the Existence of Gravitomagnetism (NASA)

I am open minded to Gravitoelectromagnetism (GEM) being a potential cause of what astrophysicists call dark matter (DM), but I suspect there are at least three more factors, although I have no feel for the contribution percentages. That would require a ton of data from many disparate sources, a lot of math and modeling, and probably a new subfield to study. My question is just how much is known about frame dragging at the poles of galaxy center SMBH? We’re talking about ‘stuff’ moving at or near the speed of light and that Lorentz factor curve gets pretty steep and high at those energies. Also, do we know how extreme frame dragging at the poles of an SMBH interacts with the SMBH itself? What is the energy held in that frame dragged spacetime per unit of contracted length? That should come from general relativity (GR), right? Has all this been studied and simulated?


  • SMBH Planck core related mass-energy dynamic.
    • What are the conditions required for a Planck core to develop?
    • What is the ratio of the apparent (radiating) mass-energy at the surface of the Planck core compared to the shielded mass-energy on the inside of the Planck core?
    • How often does the Planck core breach the event horizon and for how long does it jet? What is the distribution curve of these statistics as a function of relevant factors such as the apparent mass-energy of the SMBH, spin, etc?
    • As a Planck core jets the apparent mass from the surface of the Planck core reduces as the geometry of the core deflates. How does this impact galaxy dynamics.
  • The fluctuating flow of spacetime aether through various manifolds in and around the galaxy.
  • How much of the matter-energy expelled from the SMBH escapes the galaxy? How does that compare to other galaxy emissions?
  • How much of the matter-energy expelled from the SMBH remains the galaxy? What are the various processes that return that matter-energy to the galaxy proper?
  • If spacetime aether is made from particle detritus and whatever structures that detritus forms, then is it possible that the composition of the aether changes throughout the universe? Is it possible that more energetic aether, around dense matter-energy might be composed of a different structure mix than the intergalactic aether? It would of course all still be dipole based and perhaps that preserves the behaviour with regards to photons. Gravity is interesting to consider though.
  • There may be more. It’s a totally different cosmology! How exciting is that?

Imagine this : You are in a solar system somewhere in the galaxy. There is a long term trend of flow into the SMBH composed of photons, neutrinos, gas, dust, planets, and stars of all variety including neutron stars and black hole stars. If the SMBH in your galaxy has developed a Planck core, then all new ingested matter-energy will also eventually join the Planck core (sans other events effecting SMBH internals). Your solar system will gradually and discretely feel less gravitational acceleration from those objects which were consumed into the Planck core and only contributed a fraction of their matter-energy to the surface of the Planck core. With each h-bar of matter-energy energy hiding the galactic orbit of your solar system will slightly relax.

That said, there may be counterbalancing effects such as the net matter-energy change in your solar system as well. We must also consider SMBH jetting and the reduction in surface area of the Planck core — again reducing the gravitational acceleration on galactic solar systems. Furthermore, we have some portion of the SMBH jet effluent falling back onto the galaxy which would also be an irregular periodic function related to the jet event dynamics.

The universe is essentially an amazing dynamical system emerging from immutable energy carrying point charges in a Euclidean space.

Isn’t it the case that the photons that we see in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) must have started at extremely high energy given the redshift distance relation? Cosmologists attribute those photons to the big bang after all. Are there any processes in galaxies that produce photons of that energy? What is spatial resolution of the Planck survey? How many galaxies would be in range from that projected distance to contribute to what we measure as CMB? In other words, for every ‘pixel’ from the Planck satellite data what spatial volume does that represent and how many galaxies would we typically expect to find in that volume in the nearby universe?

A little bit of googling reveals 450 TeV photons from a pulsar in the Crab nebula. We know that in the so called big bang there were photons capable of photodissociating deuterium, but did such photons get emitted? Probably not because by the 10 seconds point there were few remaining photons with such energy. I imagine an intense jet of Planck energy plasma that inflates and via reactions the formed dipoles or dipole structures group together to become photon structures. When does the soup become transparent enough to emit light and what energy are those photons?

According to the theory of the Big Bang, the universe started hot and dense and then expanded and cooled. In the hot, dense conditions of the early universe, photons were tightly glued to matter. When the universe was about 300,000 years old the temperature dropped below 3,000K allowing atomic hydrogen to form and releasing the photons. These photons, which travelled freely through the universe as it expanded and cooled, make up the cosmic microwave background (CMB) we see today. Ten to twenty billion years after the Big Bang, the CMB is a cold sea of photons with an average temperature of 2.7K (-270 C).

Wayne Hu, Chicago, 2001 (

I asked on Dr. Stacy McGaugh’s Triton Station blog these questions related to the CMB power spectrum. If I understood Wayne Hu’s tutorial the photons we see as CMB were released circa a recombination event, right? Then accoustic pressure waves resulted in a pattern in frequency range for the released photons. I get that we detect these in the microwave band now, but what was the photon frequency for each peak in the CMB when they were released?

Deep surveys with X-ray telescopes, such as the Chandra X-ray Observatory, have demonstrated that around 80% of the cosmic X-ray background is due to resolved extra-galactic X-ray sources, the bulk of which are unobscured (“type-1”) and obscured (“type-2”) active galactic nuclei (AGN).


I wonder what we calculate the emitting/releasing photon frequency for those AGN photons. Anyone know? The AGN’s we see are closer, so their photons come in hotter like the ones observed in the X-ray band, not having redshifted as much. My conjecture is that the outflow of matter-energy from a galaxy, specifically that from the AGN and the polar jets of the SMBH are the true nature of what physicists currently conceive of as a Big Bang. Instead it is a distributed, intermediate, galaxy sourced process in space and time. All the energy and point charges are immutable so over long periods and large enough manifolds enclosing one or more galaxies the net flow should average to zero.

The loss of energy via ‘redshift’ from photons, neutrinos, and other dipole based particles traveling through spacetime aether accrues to the products of the reaction. Therefore photon energy transfers to the aether as observed. Other traveling particles may create a long distance hierarchy of product particles and very slight heating of aether. I am still not quite certain how the actual redshift mechanism works. Is redshift caused by a reaction where some number of h-bar units of angular momentum transfer to the aether particles every once in a while statistically based on factors like aether energy level and gradient? Or, is redshift a very gradual loss? Remember, energy is not quantized at the fundamental level of electrinos and positrino immutable point charges. Dipole based structures exchange energy in a complex process involving kinetic and electromagnetic energy that causes a transfer of angular momentum in whole quanta of h-bar. At this point I can imagine how a statistical exchance of units of h-bar from a dipole based photon to a dipole based aether particle could work. I’m not sure what it would mean to continuously exchange energy at some tiny rate far below h-bar but perhaps this is as the scientists say now an effect due to expansion, except in the NPQG era that is galaxy-local expansion the photons experience.

Imagine two dipole based structures in a reaction that transfers energy and may or may not result in different product structures. The many possible reactions are enumerated and modeled by Feynman diagrams. It will be so much more fascinating when physicists get on board with NPQG and improve the understanding and visualization of reaction processes. I think chemistry academics might be well suited for the science of NPQG. It seems to me there are many dualities between point charge standard matter structure reactions and the science of atoms.

The speed of a photon is determined by the spacetime aether. Scientists measure this speed at a constant c from within the spactime aether. However, from the perspective of absolute space, c is a variable. We do not know the speed of photons in a jet that has burned away the spacetime aether in its path. Is it possible such photons or the precursors to those photons can travel superluminally when spacetime is not present?

We know in NPQG that a Generation 1 photon is made of two counter-rotating generation 1 fermion energy cores. A generation 1 fermion energy core is composed of three nested point charge dipoles. Is there such a thing as a generation II or III photon? I think I have considered this before. A generation III photon would be the same as a counter-rotating pair of generation III tau neutrinos which are themselves the tau dipole which is the most fundamental structure in nature — the electrino : positrino dipole. It sort of makes sense considering electrinos and positrinos blasting off of a Planck core. I think dipoles would be early to form and they have spin 1/2 and this giant pointy magnetic field that might protect the emergent tau structure in one dimension.

It is fascinating to consider how such structures might emerge, react, trade energy, combine, etc. Even a grid showing the taxonomy of particles would be fascinating. I think I know how to draw it now.

J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : May 6, 2021

By J Mark Morris

I am imagining and reverse engineering a model of nature and sharing my journey via social media. Join me! I would love to have collaborators in this open effort. To support this research please donate:

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