*I am brainstorming ideas during NPQG Breakthrough Days. Enjoy*.

I am starting to think that all composite particles are based on nested pairs and that all composite particles that have long term stability have a multiple of six point charges.

- Neutrino 6 = 3/3
- Electron 12 = 9/3 = 3/3 (6/0)
- Photon 12 = 6/6 = 3/3 (3/3)
- Neutron 36 = 18/18
- Proton 36 = 15/21

Let’s try a new notation and see if it is helpful in our decoding task and help us map the standard model to NPQG. The intent is that it should be evocative of wave equations and imply a potential superposition of wave equations when used in a string to describe composite particles.

- ↑ : a tau dipole
- ↓ : an anti-tau dipoleIn the case of one dipole does it have parity symmetry?
- Is the tau dipole Majorana?
- Ψ : a shell configuration of three dipoles for 3D containment
- ₼ : an anti-shell configuration of three dipoles for 3D containment
- ⋺ : a configuration of three orthogonal electrino pairs
- ⋲ : a configuration of three orthogonal positrino pairs
- ← : a planar pair of contained electrinos
- → : a planar pair of contained positrinos

Our notation will encode particles in a string of these symbols and reading left to right will be from outer most shells to innermost shells and/or payload. Alright we’re ready. Let’s code some popular standard model particles.

- ↑ : tau dipole : tau neutrino
- ↓ : anti tau dipole : anti tau neutrino
- How can a single dipole have an anti-configuration?
- It would be a mirror image
- Maybe ↑ and ↓ are the same, i.e., a Majorana particle.

- ↑↑ : muon neutrino
- ↓↑ : muon anti-neutrino
- Ψ : a shell configuration of three dipoles : an electron neutrino
- ↑↑↑ and ↓↓↓ are symmetric
- Stable as a free particle or when contained in a shell.
- Corresponds to two of eight gluon color charges.

- ₼ : an anti-shell configuration of three dipoles : an electron anti-neutrino.
- ↓↑↑, ↓↓↑, ↓↑↓ all have an outer anti-shell
- ↑↓↓, ↑↑↓, ↑↓↑ are these also symmetries?
- Decays rapidly as a free particle
- Stable in some containment shells
- Corresponds to six of eight gluon color charges.

- Fermion generations (generation + containment dipoles = 4)
- I : Three containment dipoles
- II : Two containment dipoles
- III : One containment dipole

- Generation I Quarks : Unstable when not contained
- Up : ₼ ↓→→ : Stable when contained
- Anti-Up : Ψ ↑←← : Unstable when contained
- Down : ₼ ↓↓← : Stable when contained
- Anti-Down : Ψ ↑↑→ : Unstable when contained

- Generation I Electron
- Electron : Ψ ⋺ : Stable when not contained
- Anti-electron : ₼ ⋲ : Stable when contained

- Bosons
- Photon : Ψ Ψ
- Anti-photon = ₼ ₼
- Z : ₼₼ ₼ : anti-photon (anti-neutrino)
- W
^{+}: ₼₼ ⋲ : anti-photon (anti-electron charge) - W
^{–}: ₼₼ ⋺ : anti-photon (electron charge)

- Proton : ΨΨΨΨΨ ⋲
- Neutron : ΨΨΨΨΨ Ψ
- Pi Mesons
- Pi
^{+}: ₼₼₼ ⋲ - Pi
^{0}: ₼₼₼ ₼ - Pi
^{–}: ₼₼₼ ⋺

- Pi

This new notation makes total sense! I think we can enhance the NPQG formulation table for the standard model now!

The new formulation table contains far more information about the structure of the composite particles in the standard model. It shows how dipoles may form nested shells. It is starting to appear that matter and so-called anti-matter have some kind of incompatibility in the rotational configuration of their shells. In the key to the table I speculate that anti-matter has something to do with orientation. The patterns in the table are very consistent. The table has good symmetry around charge and anti-matter such that you can imagine folding the table in half vertically and horizontally and you see that these two flips and the diagonal quadrants map perfectly. This is promising, but it may not be correct.

**I wrote this comment on Dr. Stacy McGaugh’s Triton Station blog:**

With respect to the friendly type of physicists and cosmologists and sympathy for astronomers, your fields are incredibly far off track. It is time to unify GR and QM and turn LCDM inside out. How can you even do science when you don’t know any of the following:

1. Universe background = flat space (nothing but dimensions) and linear time (unidirectional)

2. Universe ingredients = equal and opposite, L_{p} immutable, energy carrying point charges. |e/6|

3. Two free parameters = average volumetric density of point charges and average volumetric energy carried by point charges (both calculated in Euclidean space)

4. The first structure to form is the tau dipole which is a positive point charge and a negative point charge orbiting each other according to a modified Coulomb’s Law that describes these point charges.

What happens when you do work W on one point charge and apply Planck’s constant **h** J⋅s of energy in the direction of orbital velocity?

Does each point charge perceive the electric field from its partner to be emanating from a point on a line that goes through the center of the orbit? No.

The speed of the electric field, c, is important.

The tau dipole is a system that:

a. stores energy in Planck’s constant **h** J⋅s increments (1 to Planck frequency increments)

b. reduces its radius for every Planck’s constant **h** J⋅s increment

c. increases point charge fraction of c speed for every Planck’s constant **h** J⋅s increment

d. reduces wavelength for every Planck’s constant **h** J⋅s increment

in other words the tau dipole is

i. a 143 bit energy accumulator

ii. a stretchy ruler

iii. a variable clock

iv. the basis of spacetime

The fields of physics, cosmology, and astronomy are lost and getting more lost due to a series of faulty conclusions over the past 133 years. Here is where this model leads:

5. QM’s quantum is emergent. Energy is continuous and structure quantizes it with the dipole.

6. QM’s uncertainty is the pole in the tau dipole circuit at one half Planck’s constant **h** J⋅s which is the tipping point in energy transactions. Hey Schrodinger’s cat just escaped the box!

7. The outer orbital shell in all fermions is a dipole. It can accept one Planck’s constant **h** J⋅s every 1/2 revolution. This is QM spin.

8. Einstein’s spacetime geometry is implemented by tau dipoles or structure they form.

9. Einstein’s observer needs to move from low energy spacetime to the Euclidean frame.

10. From the Euclidean frame its a lot easier now to see what is happening.

11. Standard matter particles are constructs of these point charges.

12. Constructs generally have a lot more apparent energy (i.e., mass) than spacetime aether.

13. The dipole shell(s) of standard matter constructs are effectively an alternating current circuit.

14. Gravity = standard matter climbing the gradient of spacetime aether energy.

15. EFE does well at large scales, but the EFE fail at the physical level of point charges.

16. The ONLY fundamental quanta are the point charges.

Huge implications :

17. Bang, inflation, expansion, shrink, bounce are all galaxy local via the SMBH.

18. Koide’s formula describes the field interactions of three orthogonal nested tau dipoles at different radii.

19. Hence the explanations for fermion generations.

20. An electron CONTAINS a muon. A muon CONTAINS a tau. Abundant energy.

21. Each dipole shell layer can shield some or all of the energy it encapsulates.

22. An electron neutrino is three tau dipoles but only partial energy screening. Hence oscillation.

23. Photons are made of point charges : 6/6

24. Anti-matter can not survive long in our universe as a free particle. 25. Anti-matter is only stable if it is contained.

26. A proton CONTAINS a positron. A neutron CONTAINS an anti-neutrino. Nothing is missing.

27. The strong force is between each containment shell and the next shell, or the payload if the innermost shell.

28. It seems that W and Z are like a can opener for dipole shells, so perhaps those bosons have the ‘anti-matter’ shell configuration.

29. No singularities. No wormholes. No many worlds.

30. Multiverse = pocket universe = a SMBH eruption of point charge plasma and recycling.

31. A free tau dipole is the tau neutrino. 1/1

My intent for the comment was to try yet again to get the physicsts to engage with NPQG. I believe they think I am a nut. Looking at the list above, who is the nut?

*J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : December 26, 2020*