NEOCLASSICAL PHYSICS AND QUANTUM GRAVITY *Imagine that nature emerges from a Euclidean 3D void space populated with immutable oppositely charged Planck spheres, which we call the electrino and the positrino. These are the only carriers of energy, in electromagnetic and kinetic form. They observe classical mechanics and Maxwell’s equations. Nature overlays Euclidean space (Map 1) with a lightly interacting Riemannian spacetime æther (Map 2). 𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚 is compatible with GR, QM, and Λ*CDM observations, *while providing a superior narrative that explains nature and the universe. **For *𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚* basics see: Idealized Neoclassical Model and the NPQG Glosssary.*

This post will focus on the “Cosmic Microwave Background.” In the popular *Λ*CDM mode, the CMB is tightly interwoven with the erroneous idea of a point in time inflationary Big Bang. In NPQG we know that cosmology is driven by a galaxy local mini-bang, inflation, expansion process. So what does that mean for the CMB? If the CMB is not the remnant radiation from the one time Big Bang some 13.8 billion years ago, then what is it? We’ll explore this issue along with new questions such as the following.

- Where did the photons in the CMB originate?
- How old are the photons in the CMB?
- What causes the multi-peaked CMB power spectrum?

This video from PBS Space Time presents a *Λ*CDM perspective on the CMB.

NPQG is based on immutable charged Planck spheres in a 3D Euclidean void. The first structure that emerges is a Riemannian spacetime made of charged Planck spheres in various configurations. All other matter-energy particles emerge as well. I think of spacetime as possibly being composed of different fundamental ‘gases’ for lack of a better term.

Where do CMB photons originate? How old are they? I imagine that they could have a variety of sources. We already know that photons experience redshift from crossing galaxy after galaxy that are expanding into one another. If the universe is large enough and old enough, presumably there would be enough travel time and travel distance for photons to continue to yield energy to expansion until they barely have any energy remaining.

Also, let’s remember that we do not know if the rate of photon redshift (energy drain) per unit distance is constant. It could depend on photon energy. It could depend on expansion rate. It could depend on the energy level of the spacetime through which the photon passes. Also, we don’t know what happens at extremely low photon energy. Do the photons decay and if so into what? Do the photons react with one another? Is there some low energy range where the photons no longer travel at the speed of light?

Let’s turn our attention to the CMB power spectrum shown in the figure. Is it possibly something quite different than science currently models? When I look at the power spectrum picture, I wonder if it is the sum of the black body curves for different particles that comprise the spacetime aether. I don’t know the composition of the aether but I suppose it might include tired photons, tired neutrinos, and perhaps some reaction products of those? We know that spacetime æther is neutral overall, and we presume the composite particles that comprise the æther are neutral individually.

If the CMB power spectrum is the sum of the black body radiation of multiple composite Planck sphere particles, then that first big peak could be the lowest energy particle that is somewhat stable. Maybe a very tired photon. Or maybe some product of a reaction of very tired photons and neutrinos? Then maybe the next several peaks are additional emergence, Then the other peaks might represent products of reactions that involve the particle from the large first peak.

If this were all directionally correct, then it might follow that these random reactions of low energy spacetime æther particles, possibly catalyzed by passing high energy photons or neutrinos can produce some standard matter particles of enough energy that they begin convecting through the aether towards higher matter-energy density. If so, then this is a portion of the galaxy local recycling process. See my post Particle Rain.

It would be an interesting to determine the half dozen or so black body curves and the proportions of those components that would lead to the CMB power spectrum. I will leave this for a future exercise and hope to return to this problem as time permits.

*J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : July 17, 2020 : v1*

p.s. See this article from Ethan Siegel asserting there are over **2 trillion galaxies in the observable universe**. Wow! Now considering the logical arguments in this post is there any doubt that their recycling process through the AGN SMBH is the physical implementation of the Big Bang, inflation, and expansion? Clearly this galaxy local process in aggregate is what scientists have been seeking.