NPQG hypothesizes that Planck cores can develop in black holes, particularly in galaxy center SMBH. Planck cores are the densest possible matter and energy in the universe. This leads to a rather perplexing question : **Can Planck cores spin?**

*Note: Throughout this post I’ll use the strict definition of Planck core to mean those point charges that are on the interior of the core, not the surface. P oint charges on the interior can not transfer energy to any neighbor because all neighbors are already at the maximum energy.*

Imagine different Planck cores in different SMBH, let’s say one core is not spinning and the other core is spinning. Does this mean the *point charges* in the spinning core have more energy than the *point charges* in the stationary core? How could that be if the particles in the Planck core are already maxed out at the Planck energy?

On the other hand, how could it be possible that Planck cores would be incapable of spinning? There is no way for the *point charges* in the Planck core to latch on to fixed points in space. No, nothing could stop a Planck core from spinning, or for that matter from translating through space. But in either of these cases would the Planck core have momentum? I don’t think so. How could they have momentum if Planck cores don’t present a mass?

Let’s see how we can apply NPQG insight regarding the hybrid Euclidean-Riemannian geometry of the universe to the question about whether Planck cores spin. The geometry of absolute space is Euclidean — we have no origin, no way points, and no rulers. Space is completely symmetric. I suppose that means space is conserved as well according to Noether’s theorem. Space is physical and immutable. Space is conserved even though it is not exchanged in any transactions. Keep in mind that the Riemannian geometry isn’t a pure geometry – it is a set of fields and laws defined by discrete energetic *point charges* and their parameters.

In a black hole with a Planck core, the core has the Planck energy per *point charge* and the packing is hypothesized to be FCC or HCP. We should be able to determine the configuration pattern of the electrinos and positrinos theoretically. Of course there will also be defects of various types where there are departures from regularity.

Let’s head to the opposite end of the energy spectrum for a thought experiment. Let’s imagine an individual point charge in Euclidean time and space. What does it mean for an individual point charge to have zero energy in this geometry? Let’s say it means it has no physical motion (kinetic energy) and no electromagnetic potential energy. But how do we know it is not moving relative to a fixed point in space when we can not determine a reference point in space? That’s perplexing. Aha, there is a way. We can look to see if it casting a potential shadow from its path history.

Can we tell if the Riemannian geometry of physical spacetime æther is moving relative to Euclidean space? Well if the Riemannian geometry of spacetime or its standard matter content is changing **at all**, then yes, some particles in spacetime are moving relative to space. And we can be sure that the Riemannian geometry of spacetime will always be changing, because spacetime æther contains energy and standard matter contains energy and free energy creates motion.

Let’s now turn back to the original question. Do Planck cores spin? My intuition says yes, they must be capable of spinning because there is nothing that could stop them. Perhaps the point charges in the Planck core can exceed the Planck energy because they are in a special edge case assembly. In other words, the Planck scale appears to describe the point charge dipole, not the individual point charge.

*J Mark Morris : San Diego : California*