Consider that the Universe is highly influenced by an emergent Riemannian spacetime æther, which is permeating a Euclidean space, and that this æther is formed from immutable, equal and opposite, charged, Planck radius spheres carrying energy. The universe is physically based upon two geometries, one foundational Euclidean geometry and one dynamical and emergent Riemannian geometry! The emergent Riemannian geometry of spacetime isn’t a ** pure** geometry – it is a set of fields and laws defined by discrete energetic charged Planck spheres and their parameters.

If nature were an adversary in a game that challenges you to understand the foundations of nature itself, you’d really have to admire nature and how at the underlying geometry level it played this intelligence trick on us. Talk about dynamical. I mean this is dynamical from the get go. Who adds a second dominant geometry directly on top of the first? Nature does, that’s who.

Stated as a narrative, the underlying space or volume in the universe is exactly as you would expect. It does not curve and stretch ala Einstein. It is exactly how we think of space. Time is not mixed in. Time is simply linear and forward moving. It is like an empty box that has no sides. It goes on forever as far as we know.

Next, there are a very large number of indestructible black and white marbles and they are all exactly the same, except the white ones have a negative electric charge and the black ones have a positive charge. The magnitude of that charge is 1/6 the charge of what you know as an electron. They are not really black and white, but for visualization purposes, imagine them that way. Each of these spherical marbles has a radius of about 10^-35 meters, specifically the Planck length.

Now, the first thing all these marbles do is that a huge number of them get together into a configuration that Einstein called spacetime, although he did not have a physical implementation in mind. Einstein thought that spacetime was the underlying basis of nature. He didn’t understand that regular old space was the **vessel** and that a configuration of these marbles would overlay space with a spacetime æther. The really cool thing about spacetime æther particles is that when they gain energy they shrink and when they lose energy they inflate or expand. Thus this spacetime æther (made from our white and black marbles) is what implements the curvy-stretchy spacetime of Einstein.

The reason this has been so confusing to physicists and cosmologists are because of a series of incorrect decisions or forks in the road 125 and 90 years ago and then a dead end 45 years ago. Once science chooses the wrong fork in the road it is damn near impossible to get any new idea through the thick noggins of scientists. One of the reasons scientists made this series of mistakes is because nature is quite the trickster to overlay spacetime right on top of space. That means there are two geometries that we have to incorporate into our understanding. And that has been the sticking point.

In Anton Petrov’s video below he discusses an observation of a galaxy that should not exist according to the current ΛCDM model of the Universe. However, this galaxy observation is 100% consistent with the NPQG theory of galaxy local inflationary minibangs and NO one time inflationary big bang. In NPQG the universe is steady state in aggregate and possibly infinite in space, past time, and future time.

Those possible infinities in space, past time, and future time emerge from the foundational elements of NPQG: Euclidean 3D space. Ample numbers of equal and opposite, charged, immutable Planck radius spheres and the energy they carry.

It occurs to me that someday scientists will tabulate density of electrinos, positrinos, and energy in closed manifolds of space and spacetime, which are different calculations. Scientists will be able to calculate these densities for various objects and object structure as well.

I will currently imagine that the density of Planck spheres, charge, and energy will be uniform throughout space at large scale. Stated as a prediction and perhaps provable theoretically:

- Measures of Planck spheres, charge, and energy contained by a spherical manifold of space (not spacetime) that increases monotonically in volume will asymptotically approach the natural Universe density of Planck spheres, charge, and energy.

I wrote ‘natural density’ in the prediction. There’s no way to rule out some kind of Star Trek civilization that has figured out how to make unnatural structures at massive scale. (only half joking) 🤣🤪

Hypothesis

A spacetime geometry, matching the Riemannian spacetime of general relativity at observed scales, emerges from a Euclidean 3D space, absolute time that advances at a constant rate, and sufficient number of immutable, equal and oppositely charged, energetic Planck radius spheres.

I will attempt to show this analytically or via simulation under the following conditions:

- some charge magnitude (1/6 e appears to be promising),
- some regular arrangement of the Planck spheres (I am imagining an æther of emergent spacetime particles, but I suppose it could be a lattice or random or maybe something else),
- at a scale above 10
^{-x}which is above Planck length scale where the minute effects of the discrete Planck spheres will be less significant, - at some energy level range (I’ll start with a zero entropy exposed Planck core of Planck spheres at Planck energy and proceed at lower energies to (near) 0 Kelvin),
- using classical mechanics and classical Euclidean Maxwell’s equations.

*J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : May 24, 2020 : v1*