A Photon is Both Particles and Waves!

Let’s talk about the physical implementation of a photon in π—‘π—£π—€π—š and the characteristics that arise. I’ll show that GR-QM era physics does not understand the physical implementation of a photon, nor the real implementation of wavelength and frequency.

“A photon is a composite of both particles and waves.”

J Mark Morris

In π—‘π—£π—€π—š a photon is a composite of both particles and waves at all times. The composite particle is six electrinos and six positrinos forming an empty shell or nested shells which we can imagine as spheres that the electrinos and positrinos traverse. Those 12 particles are orbiting around the surface of those imaginary spherical shell(s). The wave equation from the path of those 12 particles, their Euclidean world lines, is what implements what GR-QM era physics calls an electromagnetic wave. Those Euclidean world lines are self contained in the photon. Ii think the distance that the particle travels in one full transit of the wave equation is what we call wavelength. The frequency is one divided by the time for that full transit. There is also the wavelength and frequency of the shell. Are these related or more likely the same? Furthermore, the photon has a mass, albeit very small, and it is constantly interacting with particles of spacetime Γ¦ther in the vicinity of its travels, producing a pilot wave.

Let’s evaluate Fermat’s principle in the context of π—‘π—£π—€π—š.

“Fermat’s principle, also known as the principle of least time, is the link between ray optics and wave optics. Fermat’s principle states that the path taken by a ray between two given points is the path that can be traversed in the least time.

Fermat’s principle was initially controversial because it seemed to ascribe knowledge and intent to nature. Not until the 19th century was it understood that nature’s ability to test alternative paths is merely a fundamental property of waves. If points A and B are given, a wavefront expanding from A sweeps all possible ray paths radiating from A, whether they pass through B or not. If the wavefront reaches point B, it sweeps not only the ray path(s) from A to B, but also an infinitude of nearby paths with the same endpoints. Fermat’s principle describes any ray that happens to reach point B; there is no implication that the ray “knew” the shortest path or “intended” to take that path.”


The term ‘wave’ in the description of Fermat’s principle is technically incorrect according to π—‘π—£π—€π—š. Fermat is using the term ‘wave’ for a large collection of photons emitting continuously in all directions from a source, with each photon having the same or similar energy from the reaction that produced it. To a GR-QM era observer, the collection of photons looks like an electromagnetic wave similar to what would result from dropping a pebble in a still pond. Yet, as mentioned above, each photon implements its own wave by the circulation of the electrinos and positrinos in the wave equation of the photon shell.


Let’s use π—‘π—£π—€π—š to examine a case where path A-P is in spacetime Γ¦ther and path P-B is in water. Any photon particle that originates at point A in spacetime Γ¦ther, passes through point P and refracts at the water’s surface and ends up at point B follows a path A-P-B. There is no other point P2 that could have refracted to B. Furthermore, if you imagine a different point P2 and calculate the sum of a photon travel time A-P2, and then a different photon travel time P2-B that sum would be longer than the time it took for the single photon in the first cast to travel A-P-B. I suspect that it was this mathematical observation that led Fermat to presume that the mathematical possibilities matched nature, especially considering the contemporary understanding of light as a wave.

I was thinking about π—‘π—£π—€π—š photons, which are both a particle and a wave, moving through space and all of a sudden it hit me! Of course! The electromagnetic waves that a photon gives off are caused by the electrino/positrino particle-wave function of the photon. Doh! It is so obvious!

Science understands a lot about particle-waves and fields. We may be able to transform that information so as to deduce the configuration and wave function for each particle type as well as its reactions. We know about orthogonal electric and magnetic fields. That’s a leap of imagination, but it is exciting nevertheless. I hope it pans out with further development of π—‘π—£π—€π—š. Here are some ideas on how to pursue this conception.

  • Explore these insights for all types of particle-waves.
  • We know that the electric and magnetic fields are perpendicular and, we know Maxwell’s equations, and the frequency vs. wavelength equation.
  • What can polarization inform? It may help explain interactions that cause changes in polarization
  • What is the simplest configuration and geometry of a shell?
  • What is the configuration of a photon?
  • How does the electric field oscillate in a sine wave? The charge distribution must end up all on one side or most on one side at the peak, and then it must continue its wave function until the charge distribution reverses. What role does field cancellation play?
  • How does the magnetic field oscillate in a sine wave?
  • We’ll need to correct our integrals to reflect the quantum nature of particles. For example, in Maxwell’s equations.
  • It seems like for a photon to produce electromagnetic waves, the motion of each electrino and positrino would be continuous and not a cloud probability like QM. How can this be reconciled? Is this leading to a situation where these 12 particles (in a 6/6 configuration) are swarming around in a cloud? Is that what science has been observing?
  • How does this knowledge map to configurations of the other particles of the standard model?
  • How does phase map to particle-wave configuraton and function?
  • How are frequency and wavelength implemented via the particle-wave function? Certainly we know this will relate to the size of the photon.
  • This may be straightforward. It’s like having an image of the particle path.
  • As the photon size gets smaller with energy the shell still produces the orthogonal electromagnetic field. Little tiny fast waves are at the highest energies prior to decay or phase change.
  • What exactly determines the permittivity and permeability of any medium? Is it related to the shell energy of spacetime aether? What about the shell energy of other matter-energy? Well, we know that it will already be continuously mirrored in spacetime Γ¦ther. So, yes, it would be logical that permittivity and permeability are related to the energy of the spacetime Γ¦ther.
  • How shall this be approached mathematically? Analytically or via computer simulation? Probably both. I would imagine closed form solutions are possible for straightforward situations like constant energy spacetime Γ¦ther. The solution likely has various quantized harmonics, some imaginary numbers to rotate the waves polarization, Maxwell’s equations, and classical mechanics.

This post has been an introduction to how NPQG solves the age old wave-particle duality issue. Which is it? Wave? Particle? QM says wave. GR takes no stance. The answer is BOTH. The immutable electrino and positrino point charges trace out wave equations in particle assemblies and generate electromagnetic fields.

J Mark Morris : San Diego : California