NEOCLASSICAL PHYSICS AND QUANTUM GRAVITY *Imagine that nature is emergent from pairs of Planck scale fundamental particles, the electrino and the positrino, which are equal yet oppositely charged. These are the only carriers of energy, in electromagnetic and kinetic form. Now add in an infinite 3D Euclidean space (non curvy) and Maxwell’s equations. 𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚 explores this recipe for nature and how it emerges as a narrative that is compatible with GR and QM, yet far superior in ability to explain the universe and resolve open problems. For *𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚* basics see: Idealized Neoclassical Model and the NPQG Glossary.*

**Bohmian mechanics, aka de Broglie-Bohm theory,** describes a classical model of nature that solves the same problems as the mysterious quantum mechanics. In this post series, I’ll show how NPQG can provide a physical implementation of nature that matches Bohmian Mechanics. NPQG also provides a classical quantum gravity solution that matches general relativity. Furthermore NPQG goes beyond the GR-QM era and Bohmian mechanics and leads to a far more parsimonious narrative for physics and cosmology. In this post series I will discuss NPQG as related to quotes from the Bohmian Mechanics article by Dr. Sheldon Goldstein, Rutgers, which is published in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. I suggest making a first pass through Dr. Goldstein’s article and then reading this blog post series while making a second more detailed pass.

Bohmian Mechanics

Bohmian mechanics, which is also called the de Broglie-Bohm theory, the pilot-wave model, and the causal interpretation of quantum mechanics, is a version of quantum theory discovered by Louis de Broglie in 1927 and rediscovered by David Bohm in 1952. It is the simplest example of what is often called a hidden variables interpretation of quantum mechanics. In Bohmian mechanics a system of particles is described in part by its wave function, evolving, as usual, according to Schrödinger’s equation. However, the wave function provides only a partial description of the system. This description is completed by the specification of the actual positions of the particles. The latter evolve according to the “guiding equation”, which expresses the velocities of the particles in terms of the wave function. Thus, in Bohmian mechanics the configuration of a system of particles evolves via a deterministic motion choreographed by the wave function.

In NPQG, particles are based on a neutral shell (e.g., bubble, orbital) which may or may not encapsulate a payload (e.g., nucleus). The shell is composed of electrino/positrino dipoles. For example a neutrino is an empty shell with 3 electrinos and 3 positrinos (3/3). A photon is an empty shell with a 6/6 formula. An axion (or graviton) is a very low energy 12/12 shell. Spacetime is implemented with a low energy mix of axions, gravitons, photons, and neutrinos. The shell of each particle, i.e., the wave equation of the electrinos and positrinos in the shell, interacts losslessly with neighboring particles, emitting and receiving energy in a spherical wave. Particle shells, dominated by spacetime particles, provide a medium that carries the pilot waves of Bohmian mechanics.

When a particle is sent into a two-slit apparatus, the slit through which it passes and its location upon arrival on the photographic plate are completely determined by its initial position and wave function.

In NPQG each particle shell is continuously exchanging energy with neighbor particle shells (inversely to distance squared) as the orbiting electrinos and positrinos of shells come in proximity. This is a spherical energy wave through the sea of spacetime particles. This is the “pilot wave” that passes through both slits in the apparatus and now interferes with itself since portions of the spherical wave have been delayed by interaction with the solid apparatus creating the slits. Regardless of which slit the particle goes through, it will be influenced by the interference pattern of the pilot wave.

Let’s talk about gravity. These “gravity” waves that are emitted by every particle are lossless. If there was a *pure*** lattice** of spacetime, gravity waves would spread out like a sphere with a beautiful mathematical form at every scale that grows a bit more geometric as it approaches Planck scale. Gravity waves are composed of an electromagnetic component and a kinetic component as the shells of all particles including spacetime particles interact. Total energy is conserved. Each particle encountered has a permittivity and permeability. The universe is a cellular automata that is both continuous and discrete. So in a double slit experiment, the waves passing through spacetime that encounter the apparatus apparently have no effect on the outcome. This leads to a scientific observation! Particles with payloads (i.e., protons, neutrons, electrons) can impede the progression of gravitational waves. The energy is conserved but it may move slower due to permittivity and permeability to the point where the energy emerges with a wide spectrum and not a dominant phase. This explains a missing clarification in the double slit experiment.

The dynamic energy of every particle is constantly adjusted according to the sum of the ** delayed** signals received from all particles in the universe based on . This falls off fairly quickly. The energy flow signals are delayed based on gravity wave path and local speed of light, where the gravity wave is a constantly evolving exchange between electromagnetic and kinetic energy. I am sure you can appreciate how this is lossless and continuous. Isn’t it interesting that the fundamental quanta, electrino and positrino, can cause continuous behaviour when it comes to energy exchange? We will cover this later, but shells can also accumulate energy in quanta. Those quanta are related to the radius of the orbit and Lorentz of course. High energy results in a smaller radius orbit and time passes slowly. Low energy results in a larger radius orbit and time passes quickly.

Is it too soon to discuss the meaning of potential energy? Potential energy is a primitive accounting mechanism for a much more sophisticated exchange of electromagnetic and kinetic energies. It is really sort of intellectually lazy to think about potential energy. Most energy levels can increase or decrease so one persons potential energy is another persons real energy. Energy is energy and it is conserved.

Let’s go through the potential scenarios.

**Every pair of electrinos.** They are either approaching or receding relatively. The interaction is based on absolute distance and a continuous conversion between energies of kinetic motion and electromagnetic energies. Total energy is conserved. Is this deterministic? No. The sum energy of every shell is a constant accumulation of impinging waves some of which are out of causal contact. Furthermore, permittivity and permeability depend on local energy (temperature). So while we can say that energy is conserved, we can not guarantee determinism. Free will leverages these differentials.

**Every pair of positrinos.** This follows the same pattern as pairs of electrinos, since electrinos are equal and opposite of positrinos.

**Every pairing of an electrino and a positrino.** They are either approaching or receding relatively in Euclidean space. The main difference from the homogenous pairings is that heterogeneous pairings attract, rather than repel. Every other statement above applies.

**Restating abstractly:** For electrino-electrino and positrino-positrino interactions the closer the proximity the more the electromagnetic energy and the less the kinetic energy. For electrino-positrino interactions, the closer the proximity the less the electromagnetic energy and the greater the kinetic energy.

Hopefully this has been an interesting set of excursions in brainstorming about how nature is implemented. It appears that the NPQG model is well positioned as a foundation for both general relativity and de Broglie-Bohm quantum mechanics.

*J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : January 3, 2020 : v1*