Gravity and Time

Imagine that nature emerges from a Euclidean 3D void space populated with immutable oppositely charged Planck spheres, which we call the electrino and the positrino. These are the only carriers of energy, in electromagnetic and kinetic form. They observe classical mechanics and Maxwell’s equations. Nature overlays Euclidean space (Map 1) with a lightly interacting Riemannian spacetime æther (Map 2). 𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚 is compatible with GR, QM, and ΛCDM observations, while providing a superior narrative that explains nature and the universe.
For 𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚 basics see: Idealized Neoclassical Model and the NPQG Glosssary.

Mass Energy and Gravity

Spacetime is composed of low energy particles. The particles we are more familiar with such as protons, neutrons, electrons, quarks, and photons as well as the other particles of the standard model are all surrounded and permeated by spacetime particles. Every one of these particles has a neutral shell made of electrinos and positrinos. The electrinos and positrinos in each shell spin. Since all particles are surrounded by neighboring particles they are all continuously interacting electromagnetically as the spinning electrinos and positrinos in their shells move in relation to other particle shells.

The interaction of particle shells means that every particle has an outstanding energy which is the root-mean-square (RMS) of the net energy wave exchanged with each neighbor particle, extending spherically throughout spacetime. The magnitude of the energy wave drops quickly with distance squared. The energy wave is determined by an interaction of the wave equations between each pair of particles. The faster the shell of a particle spins relative to its neighbor determines the magnitude of this sinusoidal wave.

The mass of a particle is determined by the energy exchange of each particle with all other particles. It is a continuous debit-credit sinusoidal wave at each link in the accounting chain, which is largely the gas particles of spacetime. Therefore mass is always an outstanding deposit in the universal energy bank. Gravitational mass energy waves cause spacetime particles to warm as a function of all impinging wave energy. The temperature of a spacetime particle is continuosly refreshing as new energy waves impinge upon it and past waves move onward.

Particles experience a convective force towards warmth or higher energy. This is what we call gravity. The larger the temperature gradient across neighboring particles, the higher the gravity.


Every particle experiences time as a function of how fast its shell is spinning. The faster the shell is spinning the higher the energy and mass of the particle and the slower the particle experiences time. The slower the shell is spinning, the lower the energy and mass of the particle and the faster the particle experiences time. Time experienced by particles is continuous because the electrinos and positrinos in the particle shell are moving smooothly through continuous space, not discretely jumping from position to position.

We can also speak of absolute time, which is an abstract concept describing the pace of time at a constant (but arbitrary) rate. Absolute time is not influenced by electrinos, positrinos, nor energy. Absolute time can not be measured nor tested. However, we can choose a benchmark standard for the pace of absolute time and then determine the rate of time for each particle compared to absolute time.

J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : December 25, 2019 : v1

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s