In NPQG we imagine particles of spacetime æther that are neutral composite particles made from Planck spheres, i.e., the electrino and positrino. In November 2019, I became aware of a predicted particle called the axion due to this article in Quanta. In this post, I’ll explore whether the expected characteristics of the axion are similar to the NPQG spacetime particle. This would be interesting, because I had for some time thought that perhaps the particle of spacetime might match to the theorized graviton. However, after learning about axions, it appears they are a superior match.
|Axion||NPQG SpaceTime Particle|
|Extremely low mass.||This is a match.|
|Forms a Bose-Einstein condensate.||This is a match.|
|Permeates the universe.||This is a match.|
|Formed during the “Big Bang”.||This is a match,|
with a caveat*.
|Decays into two photons.||This is a match**.|
|Minimal interaction with standard matter.||This is a match.|
|Axions are a candidate for dark matter.||This is a partial match.***.|
|Spin 0||not specified by NPQG|
|Charge 0||This is a match.|
|CP symmetry preserving.||This is a match.|
|Extremely high density. (10**19/gallon)||This is a match.|
*In NPQG the one time inflationary Big Bang is implemented by intermittent galaxy-local inflationary mini-bangs — i.e., breaches of black hole Planck cores as Planck plasma jets.
**This is also a pair production mechanism of the quantum vacuum. So the quantum vacuum would be a sea of axions.
***Axion’s are proposed as a dark matter solution for the galaxy rotation curve anomalies. Spacetime particles have mass and are hard to detect directly and can solve part of the dark matter problem. However the solution to galaxy rotation curves may also include another root cause or causes that arise from NPQG.
An axion might be 10-11 times the mass of an electron.
Axions were predicted in 1977 by Wilczek and Weinberg as a solution the Peccei-Quinn mechanism.
The Axion Dark Matter Experiment (ADMX) at University of Washington is looking for axions which are proposed as a dark matter solution. ADMX experimentalists include: Andrew Sonnenschein (Fermilab), Aaron Chou (Fermilab), Leslie Rosenburg (UW), and Gray Rybka (UW).
When an axion decays spontaneously in a strong magnetic field, it results in two photons of a specific frequency. ADMX scans various ranges of frequencies at the appropriate sensitivity looking for those photons. The theory is that axions can convert to photons and vice versa in strong electromagnetic fields.
Other experiments searching for axions include Dark Matter Radio, MadMax, CAST, IAXO (future), and ALPS II. It is unfortunate that they have hitched their fortunes to dark matter when I think the superior objective should be to discover the spacetime particle and then to come to understand NPQG in academia.
Here is a nicely done video that discusses axions by lecturer Hendrik Vogel who received his PhD in 2016 from the Max Planck Institute for Physics and Ludwig-Maximilian University in Munich, Germany. As of 2019 he is a postdoctoral scholar in SLAC’s theory group.
In this video Hendrik says it is estimated that there would be 1019 axions per gallon of space. He also mentions that axions can be converted into photons and likewise photons can be converted into axions. This is a perfect fit with NPQG, where spacetime particles are viewed as low energy photons.
Axions are emitted in high energy events, like occurrences of supernovae, stars, plasmas. This fits perfectly with my model of spacetime as an æther of composite particles that permeates the universe. Looking at the Hertzprung-Russell diagram below it occurs to me that the color of the red giants and supergiants may be due to redshift due to photon energy loss in extreme axion density. In other words, the colors we observe may need to be corrected to determine the actual energy of the photons upon emission in the nuclear reactions of the star.
Update: June 2020. Here is a video from Anton Petrov describing work on the Xenon1T experiment and the hunt for axions.
Here is another video discussing axions.
There is a theorized particle called an axion. There are experiments in progress to detect the axion. The axion matches up well to the NPQG particle of spacetime. How awesome is that?
J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : November 27, 2019 : v1