NEOCLASSICAL PHYSICS AND QUANTUM GRAVITY *Imagine that nature is emergent from pairs of Planck scale fundamental particles, the electrino and the positrino, which are equal yet oppositely charged. These are the only carriers of energy, in electromagnetic and kinetic form. Now add in an infinite 3D Euclidean space (non curvy) and Maxwell’s equations. 𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚 explores this recipe for nature and how it emerges as a narrative that is compatible with GR and QM, yet far superior in ability to explain the universe and resolve open problems. For *𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚* basics see: Idealized Neoclassical Model and the NPQG Glossary.*

In NPQG, photons can lose energy without scattering as they travel through spacetime gas. This reaction is one of many causes of photon redshift. GR-QM era science is not aware of this reaction, and instead attributes this form of photon travel distance redshift to “expansion of spacetime.”

What do we know?

- Energy is conserved.
- Energy transfer is quantized.
- We know that certain light generating events emit photons of a particular wavelength, i.e., energy.
- We know that the reaction that causes the miniscule energy loss does not change the direction of the photon, i.e., that it is a non-scattering reaction.
- We know the wavelength of the detected photon.
- We know that these photons have lost energy along their journey.

What don’t we know?

- What is the mechanism of the reaction between photons and the spacetime gas?
- Are the reactions a nearly constant, but miniscule drag?
- Are the reactions occasional, but statistically assured to occur at a particular average rate in the spacetime gas?
- Does the reaction vary with the temperature of the spacetime gas?
- Does the reaction vary with the energy of the photon?
- What happens at the extremes of hot and cold spacetime gas?
- What happens at the extremes of high and low energy photons.

I imagine some sort of function that describes photon energy loss per unit distance traveled as a function of photon energy and superfluid spacetime gas energy.

Extremely High Temperature Spacetime (near or in a neutron star or black hole) local speed of light = slow | Mid Temperature Spacetime (near a planet or star) | Low Temperature Spacetime (in space far from celestial objects) local speed of light = standard c | |

High Energy Photon | This photon has a small radius, but the spacetime gas particles are dense here. Drag (energy transfer) could be significant. | Moderate Drag and Refraction | Very low drag, but enough so that scientists misinterpret the redshift from the drag as universe expansion. |

Mid Energy Photon | These photons would experience significant refraction. | Moderate drag and refraction. | Low drag and low refraction. |

Low Energy Photon | These photons may experience such high refraction that their path is redirected to impact with the dense object or to decay. | Low drag and small refraction? Is there a lower bound where the photon decays? | Very low drag and very small refraction? Is there a lower bound where the photon decays? |

A detailed scientific understanding of the reaction between photons and spacetime gas is required to determine absolute distance in space as a function of photon redshift.

*J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : November 11, 2019 : v1*