Kirsten Hacker : Thought Experiments

Since early October 2019, I have found myself inspired by the writings of Kirsten Hacker. Kirsten writes books and social media posts about a variety of topics, including physics and justice, which are two of my favorite subjects. It is truly wonderful and promising to meet someone, especially an individual as bright and creative as Kirsten, thinking and writing along similar lines in physics and cosmology. When Kirsten writes about physics, I am energized to look for relationships with my NPQG model. This is very helpful as I look to advance and articulate understanding of nature via NPQG.

This post is a response to Kirsten‘s article “Thought Experiments.” Kirsten is an extremely talented individual who happens to be quite knowledgeable about the fields of physics and cosmology, due to her earning a Ph.D. and spending twenty years in the field. She also has an insider’s perspective. Please read Kirsten’s article first and then come back for my response. Also, be sure to check out Kirsten’s books on Amazon.


Dear Kirsten,

Would you expand on the Gell-mann quarks example in this quote from your article: “They draw inferences which go far beyond what the experimental data suggests. Gell-Mann’s nuclear model with quarks is a good example of this.

The reason I ask is that in my model with electrino-positrino shells for standard model particles, one interpretation is that quarks are only a by-product of blowing up a neutron or proton (or meson…) with a particle accelerator. As I understand it, modern particle physics stipulates that quarks only exist inside hadrons, such as the proton and neutron. There is also speculation of quark stars. It may be possible that quarks are simply common fragments that result from a particle collision in a high energy collider and that may occur in nature at equivalent temperatures.

Wouldn’t it be fascinating if the accelerator physicists had missed a layer of composite particles and somehow moved on to studying their typical shrapnel in their experiment?

It kind of makes sense that experiments might fail to detect electrino/positrino shells for standard matter and spacetime superfluid particles because they are difficult to observe directly. Of course, we know that they are difficult to observe directly, since Michelson-Morley (and followons) failed to detect them.

This makes further sense if you consider that Gen I fermions might have a full shell of say three electrino/positrino dipoles to provide containment in three dimensions x-y-z. Then Gen II fermions at higher energy, have decomposed somewhat and are far less stable because they have only two dipoles in their shell. Continuing, Gen I fermions at even higher energy might have a very fragile partial shell containment of one electrino/positrino dipole. This all makes perfect sense. Gen I is stable as we know, because it has three dipoles and space is three dimensional. Gen II and III are progressively less stable with two and one dipoles respectively.

You can imagine the energy levels in a neutron star, black hole, or supermassive black hole. Or the energy levels in certain collisions. If the particles are spherically layered and therefore mostly surrounded by other particles at the same energy level (temperature), then there will be continuous deconstruction into various composites that can exist at that temperature and pressure until only the most fundamental particles are remaining.

It makes sense to me intuitively, that the ultimate arrangement must be electrinos and positrinos (which have 1/6th charge) in the most awesome battery in the universe. A battery that Elon Musk would envy. It must arrange electrinos and positrinos, possibly in a lattice (with faults), that holds the most possible energy, the Planck energy for each particle. This is something that can probably be solved by thought experiment and theory and verified by simulation.

One might imagine a lattice, perhaps a face centered cubic (FCC) lattice. I envision a core of interleaved particles packed so tightly at the Planck scale that they cannot move, that the local speed of light is zero, that all of the energy is stored in the electric field via attraction and repulsion (There is no magnetic field if all electrinos and positrinos have velocity of 0). The core has only one microstate. Entropy of the core is zero. However, due to conservation of entropy, energy, and momentum (linear and angular) when particles join the Planck core, the next hottest particles do the heavy lifting for conservation of entropy and momentum.

As you know some black holes spin very fast. When spinning, the black hole and presumably also any Planck core, become oblate spheroids. In an oblate spheroid the layers outside the Planck core are the thinnest at the poles. There is also a strong magnetic field aligned on the polar axis. If the Planck core breached the event horizon as Planck plasma it would most likely happen at the poles, except in collision situations that could cause a chaotic and potentially catastrophic breach. I’ve written several posts about black holes and what happens next, and you can find those in the NPQG Table of Contents.

J Mark Morris

San Diego October 14, 2019

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