Quantized and/or Continuous?

Quantum mechanics led to a new way to consider nature as driven by energy quanta. While this is true of some emergent structures, energy is continuous in nature.

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

The implementation of quantization is not understood by the theory of quantum mechanics. Let’s explore and differentiate what is quantized and what is continuous in NPQG.


  • Energy in electromagnetic and kinetic form.
  • Gravitational wave energy ebb and flow.
  • Position of a point charge in absolute Euclidean space and time
  • Spacetime æther displacement due to gravity waves caused by high energy events.
  • The strength of potential fields in absolute space and time from an individual emitter and in superposition.
  • Absolute time (an abstract concept).


  • Unit potential point charges, the electrino and the positrino, are discrete and immutable.
  • Assemblies that emerge from energetic point charges.
  • Energy transfer between Noether core sub assemblies, in wave function harmonics.
  • Time experienced by a standard model particle assembly of point charges is related to the frequency of its constituent point charges in the Noether core.


  • Assembly energy is a sum of quantized energy and continuous energy ebb and flow. In particular, æther energy, which determines the strength of gravity, is a combination of both quantized and continuous energy.

J Mark Morris : San Diego : California