Idealized Neoclassical Model

Imagine that nature emerges from ample pairs of immutable Planck radius spherical particles, the electrino and the positrino, which are equal yet oppositely charged. These are the only carriers of energy, in electromagnetic and kinetic form. The are located in an infinite 3D Euclidean space (non curvy) and observe classical mechanics and Maxwell’s equations. 𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚 explores this recipe for nature and how it emerges as a narrative and theory that is compatible with GR, QM, modified ΛCDM, yet superior in ability to explain the universe and resolve open problems.
For 𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚 basics see: Idealized Neoclassical Model and the NPQG Glosssary.


The purpose of this idealized model of nature is to facilitate thinking and experiments based on the assumptions of a minimal two-particle physical universe. The hope is that the thought experiments may lead to new insights and potential hypotheses about nature that can be researched.

The model is in development and evolves as new insights are discovered.


  • Particles : electrino and positrino. Conserved.
  • Energy : only carried by particles. Conserved.
  • Space : a three-dimensional Euclidean void.


  • 3D space : a Euclidean volume. 3D space is the vessel that is permeated with an æther that implements Einstein’s general relativity. The æther is made from standard matter-energy.
  • Time : implemented by particle shell energy (high energy = slow rate, low energy = fast rate).
  • Energy : electromagnetic and kinetic as implemented by particle wave equations.
  • Charge : increments of +1/6 or -1/6.
  • Particle : present or not.


  • Electrino and positrino particles
  • Mass-energy
  • Linear momentum
  • Angular momentum
  • Charge (immutable)
  • Parity


  • Maxwell’s equations.
  • All composite particles are harmonic oscillators and have a set of wave equation solutions.
  • Wave equation solutions track the energy balance in harmonics.
  • Energy harmonics may be transferred between particles.
  • Maximum energy is the Planck energy of the Planck particle (1ε-/1ε+).
  • General relativity and gravity do not apply to Planck particle.
  • A Planck plasma of Planck particles may emit via jet or rupture from high energy objects and events. (e.g., Active galactic nuclei (AGN) of a supermassive black hole (SMBH))
  • Low energy gravity waves are in constant lossless flux with neighbors.
  • Root-mean-square (RMS) gravity wave energy outstanding is related to mass by the mass-energy and energy-momentum relations.
  • The energy traded for inertial mass and momentum heats the local æther and propagates (at \mathbf{\frac{1}{r^2}} ).
  • The force of gravity results from convection in the æther.
  • The gradient of æther energy density is the strength of the gravitational field.
  • Neutral composite particle shells.
  • Variable local speed of light based on æther energy and its relationship to local permittivity and permeability.
  • Redshift: gravitational, doppler, cosmological (galaxy local expansion), inflationary
  • Gauge invariance via Lorentz factor
  • Four forces (gravitational, weak, electromagnetic, strong).


  • Gravitational: lossless energy wave with neighboring particles.
  • Weak: implemented by electric field fragments of photons in reactions.
  • Electromagnetic: implemented by the photon, acts on electric charge of electron and proton.
  • Strong: the magnetic field of the wave equation of particles. 


  • Recycling of standard matter (including spacetime æther) through high energy objects or events. In particular, active galactic nuclei (AGN) supermassive black holes (SMBH), Planck particle core, and emission of Planck scale plasma via jet or rupture. [dark matter, galaxy rotation curves, anomalous redshift observations, expansion?]
  • Anti-matter hiding as payload in protons and neutrons. This solves the longstanding question of where is the expected anti-matter. [baryon asymmetry]
  • Instead of a cosmic inflation and a one-time big bang, intermittent ongoing galaxy local bangs/jets and galaxy local inflation. [universe age]
  • Variable speed of light and refraction given by local permittivity and permeability as a function of the local energy density of spacetime æther. [gravitational lensing]

J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : June 24, 2019 : v1

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