NEOCLASSICAL PHYSICS AND QUANTUM GRAVITY *Imagine that nature is emergent from pairs of Planck scale fundamental particles, the electrino and the positrino, which are equal yet oppositely charged. These are the only carriers of energy, in electromagnetic and kinetic form. Now add in an infinite 3D Euclidean space (non curvy) and Maxwell’s equations. 𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚 explores this recipe for nature and how it emerges as a narrative that is compatible with GR and QM, yet far superior in ability to explain the universe and resolve open problems. For *𝗡𝗣𝗤𝗚* basics see: Idealized Neoclassical Model and the NPQG Glossary.*

PURPOSE

The purpose of this idealized model of nature is to facilitate *thinking and experiments* based on the assumptions of a **minimal two-particle physical universe**. The hope is that the thought experiments may lead to new insights and potential hypotheses about nature that can be researched.

The model is in development and evolves as new insights are discovered.

PHYSICAL ENTITIES

- Particles : electrino and positrino. Conserved.
- Energy : only carried by particles. Conserved.
- Space : a three-dimensional Euclidean void.

DIMENSIONS (7)

- 3D space : a Euclidean volume. 3D space is the vessel that is permeated with a superfluid gas that implements Einstein’s general relativity. The superfluid gas is made from standard matter-energy.
- Time : implemented by particle shell energy (high energy = slow rate, low energy = fast rate).
- Energy : electromagnetic and kinetic as implemented by particle wave equations.
- Charge : increments of +1/6 or -1/6.
- Particle : present or not.

CONSERVATION

- Electrino and positrino particles
- Mass-energy
- Linear momentum
- Angular momentum
- Charge (immutable)
- Parity

PHYSICS

- Maxwell’s equations.
- All composite particles are harmonic oscillators and have a set of wave equation solutions.
- Wave equation solutions track the energy balance in harmonics.
- Energy harmonics may be transferred between particles.
- Maximum energy is the Planck energy of the Planck particle (1ε-/1ε+).
- General relativity and gravity do not apply to Planck particle.
- A Planck plasma of Planck particles may emit via jet or rupture from high energy objects and events. (e.g., Active galactic nuclei (AGN) of a supermassive black hole (SMBH))
- Low mass particles (photons, neutrinos) form a low drag superfluid.
- Low energy gravity waves are in constant lossless flux with neighbors.
- Root-mean-square (RMS) gravity wave energy outstanding is related to mass by the
**mass-energy**and**energy-momentum**relations. - The energy traded for inertial mass and momentum heats the local superfluid gas and propagates (at ).
- The force of gravity results from convection in the superfluid gas.
- The gradient of superfluid gas temperature is the strength of the gravitational field.
- Neutral composite particle shells.
- Variable local speed of light based on superfluid temperature relationship to local permittivity and permeability.
- Redshift: gravitational, doppler, cosmological drag, inflationary
- Gauge invariance via Lorentz factor
- Four forces (gravitational, weak, electromagnetic, strong).

FORCES

**Gravitational**: lossless energy wave with neighboring particles.**Weak**: implemented by electric field fragments of photons in reactions.**Electromagnetic**: implemented by the photon, acts on electric charge of electron and proton.**Strong**: the magnetic field of the wave equation of particles.

**Hypotheses**

- Recycling of standard matter (including superfluid gas) through high energy objects or events. In particular, active galactic nuclei (AGN) supermassive black holes (SMBH), Planck particle core, and emission of Planck scale plasma via jet or rupture.
*[dark matter, galaxy rotation curves, anomalous redshift observations, expansion?]* - Anti-matter hiding as payload in protons and neutrons. This solves the longstanding question of where is the expected anti-matter.
*[baryon asymmetry]* - Instead of a cosmic inflation and a one-time big bang, intermittent ongoing galaxy local bangs/jets and galaxy local inflation.
*[universe age]* - Variable speed of light and refraction given by local permittivity and permeability as a function of superfluid temperature.
*[gravitational lensing]* - Very small scale photon drag from the superfluid gas as a source of cosmological redshift. May be non-linear. May depend on temperature of energies of superfluid and photon.

*J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : June 24, 2019 : v1*

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