**3D Void**

The **3D void** is flat Euclidean space. It doesn’t curve, stretch, inflate, expand, or do anything for that matter. It is non-interacting. The 3D void has no energy. The 3D void is the **empty vessel** in which spacetime, standard matter-energy, and Planck plasma exist. In NPQG the 3D void is treated geometrically and we can *geometrically* consider absolute distance, absolute direction, and absolute time with respect to the void, although to be clear there are no physical coordinate reference points in the 3D void. It is unknown whether the 3D void is infinite, but it may be treated so for the purposes of NPQG. It is unknown whether any sizeable regions of pure 3D void exist. The 3D void has no testable characteristics other than the deduction that the **3D void must exist because the universe exists**.

**Electrino**

A point-like particle with a negative 1/6 charge. A composite particle with six electrinos makes an electron. Symbol ε⊖ or ε-.

**Positrino**

A point-like particle with a positive 1/6 charge. A composite particle with six positrinos makes a positron. A positrino is the anti-particle of an electrino. Symbol ε⊕ or ε+.

**Epsilon Particle**

An electrino or a positrino. Symbol ε.

**Planck Particle**

A particle with the highest energy possible, the Planck energy. Crystalline in-core Planck plasma is made of Planck particles. Might also be used in reference to the general concept of Planck constants and physical implementation.

**Planck Photon**

A particle with the highest energy possible, the Planck energy. Often found in ejectate of in-core Planck plasma in a jet or bang. The Planck photon is the top of the harmonic ladder in the energy exchanging universe.

**Planck Plasma**

A plasma of electrinos and positrinos in equal proportion, and possibly in pairs as charged magnetic dipoles or other structure such as crystalline Planck photons. A phase of electrinos and positrinos with the Planck temperature. The result of a photon reaching the Planck energy. Found in extreme energy situations throught the universe, particularly in AGN SMBH cores and jets. May also occur in other objects such as normal black holes, and as a result of mergers of black holes and neutron stars. **General relativity does not apply in Planck plasma.** Also known as electrino/positrino plasma. Historically referred to as the mystical nonsense woo-ish misnomer “singularity”. The Planck scale is far more important than physicsts have realized. It’s not just a dimensional analysis.

**Planck Plasma Jet** **or Planck Photon Jet**

A core breach of a dense matter object which exposes in-core Planck plasma to lower energy conditions such that a powerful Planck plasma jet forms. Such a jet is largely composed of Planck photons, the highest energy photons carrying maximum energy via a sum of (all?) harmonics in the photon **wave equation solution** **set**. Jets frequently occur in pairs exiting each polar axis. Cooling jets rapidly decay into lower energy photons, spacetime gravitons, and standard matter-energy. The jet ejectate rapidly inflates, and is the primary driver of inflation of universe.

**Planck Plasma Bang**

A catastrophic core breach of a dense matter object which exposes in-core Planck plasma to lower energy conditions in a chaotic matter that leads to turbulent explosion. This is **not** “The Big Bang”. A Planck plasma bang is typically localized within a galaxy. Such a bang causes rapid galaxy localized inflation.

**Wave Equation Solution Set**

Energy is stored and transferred in harmonics of the wave equation. Each particle has a set of wave equation solutions for different energy harmonics. The solution set may include changes in composition and structure of the particle. For example, it is conceivable, that on the route towards becoming a Planck photon, that a lower energy photon with a 6ε⊖/6ε⊕ formula may transform into two 3ε⊖/3ε⊕ particles (which is also the formula of a neutrino & an anti-neutrino (Which are majorana particles)). Unpack that. Perhaps on the path to becoming a Planck photon, a 3ε⊖/3ε⊕ could split into three ε⊖/ε⊕ pairs. Charged magnetic dipoles. Electrino ε⊖ and positrino ε⊕ need not be idealized point particles. They could be physical below the scales of action. For all we know they may be conserved excitations. Note: Fermion generation II and III may represent a large change for the generation I particle. This suggests that geneation II and III may be structural changes, such as graviton/photon capture.

**Graviton**

A composite particle with a formula of 6ε-/6ε+. A low energy photon with velocity less than local speed of light. Often a reaction product of cooling Planck plasma. May also be a result of a photon reaching a low energy threshold.

**Photon**

A composite particle with a formula of 6ε-/6ε. May be considered as a high energy graviton. The highest energy photon is the Planck particle or Planck photon.

**Inflation**

The rapid increase in geometrical scale of epsilon particle orbits in gravitons, photons, and standard matter-energy as they emit energy and cool. In NPQG, inflation begins when in-core crystalline Planck plasma is exposed to cooler surroundings via a jet or other core breach. Note: There is no single Big Bang in NPQG. Instead, the perpetual and intermittent emission of Planck plasma throughout the cosmos replaces the concept of the Big Bang.

**Spacetime**

Spacetime is defined by the regions of the 3D void (3D Euclidean space) which are permeated by an extremely weakly interacting superfluid of graviton particles. Spacetime is material and contains energy, although graviton energy is very low on the energy scale. The superfluid geometry is experimentally unknown, yet it may be helpful to imagine a dense foam or FCC lattice. The temperature of spacetime far from any concentrated matter is hypothesized to be near 2.7K, consistent with measurements of the cosmic microwave background. Scientists also describe spacetime with the terminology “vacuum of free space” and “quantum vacuum” yet those wrongly imply a nothingness or a mysterious quantum “pair production”. Spacetime is anything but nothingness. In fact, gravitons could be considered the most abundant element in the universe, e.g., Gravitonium, Gr0, which is equivalent to a proton or a neutron without a payload. Which regions of the 3D void are not spacetime? Planck plasma cores and jets are not spacetime superfluid. The immediate region beyond our cosmos (if it is finite) is not spacetime. It may be possible that there are other superfluid spacetime bubbles elsewhere in the 3D void.

**Expansion**

The outflow of graviton superfluid spacetime from Planck plasma emissions towards the surface of the cosmos. Outflow is to some degree balanced by the inflow of standard matter-energy. It is possible that the net flow rates may fluctuate in magnitude and direction.

**Cosmos Surface**

The NPQG model appears to lead to a finite spherical spacetime bubble with a surface boundary. Beyond the surface is unknown but could possibly be 3D void, 3D void with clumps of spacetime and standard matter, or a phase change to frozen spacetime at zero or near-zero energy. The surface of the cosmos is modeled as a spherical shell where very cold graviton structure decays into residual fragments with low energy that may react along with photons to form standard matter-energy and begin the inexorable gravitational journey back into the cosmos bubble. Eventually enough energy and matter would build up to create Hydrogen, and from there stellar nurseries, and the interior layers of the cosmos surface may be an active source of matter-energy.

**Electron**

A composite particle with a formula of 6ε-/. The anti-electron, or positron, has a formula of /6ε+. The electron is frequently found captured by a graviton with a formula of 12ε-/6ε+

**Proton**

A composite particle with a formula of 6ε-/12ε+. A graviton encapsulating an anti-electron aka positron. **Note**: NPQG has no missing anti-matter.

**Neutrino**

A composite particle with a formula of 3ε-/3ε+. The anti-neutrino has the same formula.

**Neutron**

A composite particle with a formula of 9ε-/9ε+. A graviton encapsulating an anti-neutrino. **Note**: NPQG has no missing anti-matter.

**Gluon**

TBD. Appears to correspond to the graviton shell around a proton or neutron.

**Quarks**

Common fragments of protons and neutrons exploded in a collider or high energy event. Each quark type defined in the standard model has a specific electrino/positrino formula.

**W+/-, Z, and H Bosons**

These appear to be intermediating fragments of gravitons or photons involved in a reaction. Each has a specific electrino/positrino formula.

**Exotic Composite Particles and other Fragments**

See the Particle Data Group data book for the myriad known exotic particles, lifetimes, characteristics. Each has a specific electrino/positrino formula and configuration. There may be unknown fragments yet to be discovered. Generally these are high-energy and short-lived particles.

**Fermion Generations**

Increasingly higher energy configurations of generation I fermions may be increasing levels of graviton capture OR may be different formula and configurations gravitons.

**Pair Production**

A reaction between photons and gravitons that creates a fermion and anti-fermion. Epsilon particles and energy are conserved, as always.

**Mass**

The root mean square of the energy flux wave exchanged between standard matter-energy and neighbor gravitons. This energy wave spreads out spherically through spacetime. This form of gravitational wave is modeled as exchanged harmonics (energy quanta) of each particles wave function.

**Gravity**

Convection of standard-matter energy due to the temperature of the spacetime superfluid, which increases with standard matter-energy density.

**Epsilon Notation**

A notation for describing composite particles and fragments. Expressed as a count of electrinos, a ‘/’ character, and a count of positrinos. A proton has epsilon notation 6ε-/12ε+. The ‘/’ character is always present, even if there is a zero count of either electrinos or positrinos, such as electron 6ε-/ or positron /6ε+. Alternate stylized format ε⊖ or ε⊕. In informal notation, or formal notation after introduction of terminology, the epsilon symbol may be omitted, such as proton 6/12. Although not a fraction, a mnemonic is to remember that electrino count is in the numerator position, and positrino count is in the denominator position.

**TERMS USED ONLY IN REFERENCE TO PRIOR ERAS OF PHYSICS**

**Dark Matter**

NPQG explains galaxy rotation curves as an outcome of mass conversion to Planck plasma, then upon jetting inflating as photons, spacetime superfluid, and matter-energy, the net outflow of spacetime superfluid, and perhaps related to the plasma and accretion disk fueled AGN.

**Dark Energy**

The energy of spacetime and the outflow of the spacetime superfluid are the causes for the mysterious and woo-ish concept of dark energy.

**Big Bang**

NPQG is a model of a recycling universe with no known beginning nor end. The concept of the Big Bang is replaced with perpetual and intermittent Planck plasma emission throughout the cosmos, and especially from AGN SMBH.

**Cosmic Inflation**

Inflation as a result of the big bang. Since there was no big bang there was no cosmic inflation. However, the science was good and will be reframed.

**Baryon Asymmetry**

There is no missing anti-matter in NPQG. Anti-matter is largely captured as the payload inside protons and neutrons. Free anti-matter quickly reacts and the reaction products are photons, gravitons, and standard matter-energy. Epsilon particles are conserved.

**Singularity**

A mystical woo-ish term related to general relativity. Instead, NPQG defines a phase change from Planck scale particles into Planck plasma where general relativity does not apply. Under certain conditions, Planck plasma may escape from black holes because general relativity does not apply to the plasma.

**White Hole**

Mystical nonsense woo.

**Many Worlds Interpretation**

Mystical nonsense woo. See Sean M. Caroll.

**META TERMS**

*#FlameOn*

**Incel Physics Patriarchy**

That subset of scientists who failed to penetrate nature for 140, 90, or 40 years depending on whether you count from the dismissal of aether, to the Copenhagen interpretation, or the wasteland of near-zero progress from the 1970’s through 2019. This group of scientists was almost entirely male and many had a very poor attitude that was directed at new entrants to the field and towards non-professionals wishing to contribute. The irony is that this group frequently calls others “crackpots” when it is they that have been peddling nonsense woo throughout their careers. I hope they are drummed out of the field as a new diverse era of excitement, progress, cooperation, and innovation emerges.

A special term for the subset of professional physicists who have been particularly rude and aggressive in the era prior to 2020.

*#FlameOff*