A year ago, January 2018, I began developing a model and narrative of nature that now surpasses general relativity, quantum mechanics, and modern physics in its understanding of nature. I aimed at parsimony, with an intuition that Maxwell’s equations might rule over all and that Einstein’s spacetime concept might be based upon a physical æther of particles.

One concern was the force of gravity. I simply did not believe gravity was a force at a distance through a vacuum, even a roiling quantum vacuum.

Other than at the extremes of temperature, every spoonful of the universe is permeated by a particulate æther that implements Einstein’s spacetime. All matter is bathed in the energy, of the æther. You, me, earth, stars, ingested matter in black holes – each in different temperature æther.

As the spacetime æther cools and decays, its two fundamental immutable Planck sphere particles, the electrino ε- and positrino ε+, at minus and plus e/6 charge respectively, cluster into standard model particles, with various behaviors partially described in the Particle Data Book, aka PDG*.

Standard matter exchanges energy with local spacetime æther particles, causing the spacetime æther energy to increase. In a mechanism similar to an AC current the energy is passed along in a wave. Standard matter-energy gravitates towards higher energy spacetime æther according to the steepest energy gradient. This is the force of gravity.

Maxwell’s equations rely upon the electric permittivity and magnetic permeability of space. Contrary to popular belief, permittivity and permeability are **NOT** constants. They vary based upon spacetime æther energy.

Spacetime æther gains energy as a function of the density of nearby matter. To enable the increased energy storage, the permittivity and permeability of the spacetime æther increases. This causes the effects that general relativity such as curvature, refraction (lensing), gravitational redshift, space contraction, and time dilation.

A closely packed Planck scale structure can form in the core of a supermassive black hole. Under some conditions the Planck core may emit via jet or rupture. This standard-matter recycling process via the galactic center SMBH is one of several new galaxy dynamics that may be a cause of galaxy rotation curves.

Planck plasma emits at Planck temperature and energy and the SMBH jets may extend several megaparsecs. The high energy jet produces dynamic reactions under a variety of conditions as the jet inflates and cools, producing particles of standard matter as well as new spacetime æther.

It’s fascinating how photon energy packets flow and curve through the spacetime æther at local speed of light **c**, which is constant in the Riemannian coordinates of the æther, but is in fact variable in the Euclidean geometry of fundamental space and determined by local permittivity and permeability which are a function of spacetime æther energy.

The emission of Planck plasma from the AGN SMBH causes rapid inflation which drives galaxy expansion. The expansions of neighboring galaxies oppose one another and the intergalactic media is typically found at 2.7K, which is the temperature of the CMB. The decay of spacetime æther particles in the outer neighborhood of each galaxy is the last reaction that provides the balance of outflow of æther with the infall of matter-energy. Another convection cycle begins.

*J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : January, 2019 : v1**J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : June, 2019 : v*2** J Mark Morris : San Diego : California : July, 2020 : v**3

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*PDG reference:

M. Tanabashi et al. (Particle Data Group), Phys. Rev. D 98, 030001 (2018).

pdg.lbl.gov/2018/