A year ago, January 2018, I began developing a toy model or narrative of nature that surpasses general relativity, quantum mechanics, and modern physics. I aimed at parsimony, with an intuition that Maxwell’s equations might rule over all and that Einstein’s spacetime concept might be based upon physical particles.
One concern was the force of gravity. I simply did not believe gravity was a force at a distance through a vacuum, even a roiling quantum vacuum.
Other than at the extremes of temperature, every spoonful of the universe is permeated by a superfluid that implements Einstein’s spacetime. All matter is bathed in the temperature (energy), of the superfluid. You, me, earth, stars, ingested matter in black holes – each in different temperature soup.
As the superfluid soup cools and decays, its two fundamental particles electrino ε- and positrino ε+, each 1/6 charge, cluster into standard model particles, with various behaviors partially described in the 2018 Particle Data Book, aka PDG*.
Standard matter exchanges energy with local superfluid particles, causing the superfluid temperature to increase. Via convection, hotter superfluid gravitates towards other clumps of hot superfluid according to the steepest temperature gradient. This is the force of gravity.
Maxwell’s equations rely upon the electric permittivity and magnetic permeability of space. Contrary to popular belief, permittivity and permeability are NOT constants. They vary based upon superfluid temperature (energy).
Superfluid gets hotter (gains energy) as a function of the density of nearby matter. To enable the increased energy storage, the permittivity and permeability of the superfluid increases. This causes the effects that general relativity such as curvature, refraction (lensing), gravitational redshift, space contraction, and time dilation.
A Planck plasma may form in the core of a supermassive black hole. Under some conditions the plasma may emit via jet or rupture. This standard-matter recycling process via galactic center SMBH is a cause of galaxy rotation curves.
Planck plasma emits at Planck temperature at the SMBH jets and along its journey in the universe, experiences a dynamic rate of cooling and decay. At some point in the cooling the plasma forms a superfluid of particles.
It’s fascinating how photon energy packets flow and curve through the superfluid at local speed of light c, which is not a constant, but is in fact determined by local permittivity and permeability which are a function of superfluid temperature (energy).
At the superfluid bubble surface, the superfluid temperature has decreased to 0 K or near 0 K, and decay of all particles balances the outflow of the gas. It’s unknown if this decay is conservative, but all decay products that remain in the superfluid will begin to gravitate towards each other. Another convection cycle begins.
J Mark Morris
San Diego, CA January 2019, Updated June 2019.
M. Tanabashi et al. (Particle Data Group), Phys. Rev. D 98, 030001 (2018).