A year ago, January 2018, I began developing a “theory of everything” as they say, or more precisely, a unifying theory of nature that surpasses general relativity, quantum mechanics. and current physics / cosmology. I aimed at parsimony and narrative, with an intuition that Maxwell’s equations might rule over all.
One concern was the force of gravity. I simply did not believe gravity was a force at a distance through a vacuum, even a roiling quantum vacuum, or more correctly, an energetic plasma or gas of fundamental electrino and positrino particles.
When in gas phase, I call the electrino and positrino composite a graviton. I propose a new element in the periodic table with atomic number 0 and mass 0 that has no nucleus and no electrons. It is Graviton, symbol Gr. Gravitonium is a noble gas.
Every spoonful of the universe is permeated by a graviton plasma or condensate. All matter is bathed in the temperature (energy), of the graviton plasma or condensate. You, me, earth, stars, ingested matter in black holes – each in different temperature soup.
As the graviton soup cools and decays, its two fundamental particles electrino ε- and positrino ε+, each 1/6 charge, cluster into standard model particles, with various behaviors partially described in the 2018 Particle Data Book, aka PDG*.
e = 6ε-
v = 3ε-/3ε+
u = 1ε-/5ε+
d = 4ε-/2ε+
p = 6ε-/12ε+
n = 9ε-/9ε+
Standard matter exchanges energy with local graviton gas, causing the gas temperature to increase and its density to decrease. Via convection, hotter gas “rises” or gravitates towards other clumps of hot gas according to the steepest temperature gradient. This is the force of gravity.
Maxwell’s equations rely upon the electric permittivity and magnetic permeability of free space, i.e., the quantum vacuum, i.e., the graviton gas. Contrary to popular belief, permittivity and permeability are NOT constants. They vary based upon graviton gas temperature (energy).
The graviton gas gets hotter (gains energy) as a function of the density of nearby matter. To enable the increased energy storage, the permittivity and permeability of the gas increases. This causes the effects that general relativity ascribed to curved spacetime specifically refraction (lensing), redshift, matter compression, and time dilation.
Heated gas surrounding matter gravitates via convection towards other areas of heated gas. Then basic standard particles form, then basic elements, and so on in uncountable event situations, leading to stars and galaxies and supermassive black holes and all the letters of alphabet soup.
The hottest plasma is at the core of a supermassive black hole that is so hot that the plasma emits or jets when it can absorb no more matter or energy. This matter to plasma recycling and jetting from galactic center SMBH is a cause of galaxy rotation curves.
Graviton plasma is extremely hot at the SMBH jets and along its journey in the universe, experiences a dynamic rate of cooling and decay into standard matter-energy. At some point in the cooling the plasma forms a graviton gas with a geometrical structure.
It’s fascinating how photon energy packets flow and curve through the graviton gas at local speed of light c, which is not a constant, but is in fact determined by local permittivity and permeability which are a function of graviton gas temperature (energy).
At the cosmos surface, the gas temperature has decreased, and decay into standard matter and photon energy balances the outflow of the gas. It’s unknown if this decay is conservative, but all decay products that remain in the gas will begin to gravitate towards each other. Another convection cycle begins.
J Mark Morris
January 2019, Updated March 2019
M. Tanabashi et al. (Particle Data Group), Phys. Rev. D 98, 030001 (2018).